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Oral thrush

Posted by administrator on December 20, 2010 in Oral Thrush with No Comments

Oral thrush – fungal infection in the mouth

Fungal infections in the mouth, also known as a ORAL TRUSH is a very common ailment in almost half of the population, especially those  with weaker immune system and everyone who wears dentures or smokes.

Oral thrush is an infection of yeast fungus, Candida albicans, in the mucous membranes of the mouth.

Usually  thrush is known as a temporary candida infection in the oral cavity of babies. But it can also include candida infections occurring in the mouth and throat of adults, also known as candidiasis or moniliasis.

Fungal infections in the mouth becomes visible in the form of tiny, moist, pale pink spots occurring on the palate, lips (known as angular cheilitis), and at the end and sides of the tongue. Symptom of fungal infection may also be the throat, changes on the cheeks and gums problems.
These changes can happen as a side-effect of taking antibiotics or drug treatment, such as chemotherapy. It can also be caused by certain conditions – such as diabetes, drug abuse, malnutrition – and as a consequence of immune deficiencies relating to old age or infection.

It is said that oral thrush are external fungal infections and occurs as a result of systemic (overall body) fungal infection.

The most common group of patients suffering from fungal infection in the mouth are:

  • Newborn babies
  • Denture users
  • Adults with diabetes or other metabolic disturbance.
  • People with a dry mouth relating to side-effects of their medication or medical conditions
  • People undergoing antibiotic or chemotherapy treatment.
  • People prescribed oral steroid medication
  • Drug users
  • People with poor nutrition or with an immune deficiency

Treatment of fungal infection of the mouth should begin with a teeth  and gums review. We should also check the space between the teeth. It is the habitat of the remaining food friendly environment for the development of fungi.

Types of fungal infection in the mouth:

Ø  Pseudomembranous candidosis / Thrush

White patches on the surface of the oral mucosa, tongue, throat or cheeks. Lesions develop into confluent plaques covered with chalk-white substance and can be wiped off to reveal a raw erythematous and sometimes red ,bleeding base.
You can feel unpleasant symptoms such as dryness of the tongue, lips and so-called inflammation and cheilosis in the corners of the mouth.

Ø  Erythematous candidosis

Erythematous areas found generally on the dorsum of the tongue, palate, or buccal mucosa.

Very often it occurs in people wearing dentures. Lesions on the dorsum of the tongue present as depapillated areas. Red areas often are seen on the palate of people that have HIV infection Surrounding of this fungal infection are very annoying, because it is very painful and leads to problems with biting.

Ø  Chronic hyperplastic candidosis – candidal leukoplakia

Leukoplakia is a reaction to an irritant, like rough teeth, badly fitting dentures, smoking or smokeless tobacco. A chronic, discrete lesion may vary from a small, palpable, translucent, or whitish area to a large, dense, plaquelike lesion that is hard and rough to the touch. Candidal leukoplakias usually occur on the inside surface of one or both cheeks; they occur less commonly on the tongue – infection mainly related to men. It is generally painless, and can’t be scraped off.

Ø  Acute atrophic candidiasis

Acute atrophic candidiasis is usually associated with a burning sensation, soreness in the mouth or on the tongue. Often found in people with diabetes, but also in those taking antibiotics or steroids for a long time. The tongue may be bright red similar to that seen with a low serum B12, low folate, and low ferritin.

Ø  Angular stomatitis (perlèche, angular cheilitis)

Lesions affect the angles of the mouth. General characteristic of this infection are: soreness, erythema and fissuring. Both yeasts (candidal) and bacteria (especially Staphylococcus aureus) may be involved.

Angular stomatitis commonly is the sign of anemia or vitamin B-12 deficiency and resolves when the underlying disease has been treated. Iron deficiency anemia and other vitamin deficiencies have been quoted as a predisposing factors. Diagnosis may be also associated with denture-related stomatitis. Angular stomatitis also may be seen in individuals with HIV infection.

Other related infections

Gum Disease

Red, swollen, or bleeding gums could be gingivitis, which can cause teeth to loosen and fall out. Also called gum disease can happen when an illness, medication, plaque, or other problem leaves gums vulnerable to bacterial infection. Prevention is the best policy which basically means daily flossing and brushing, as well as regular dental visits.

Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is a rare rash that shows up as white patches or red shiny bumps on the inside of the cheeks or tongue. Mild lichen planus doesn’t need any treatment. When it starts to cause pain or ulcers, it can be treated with oral and topical medication. Oral lichen planus can be chronic and may increase the risk for oral cancer. It can also affect skin, scalp, nails, and genitals.

Canker Sores

These are small, painful blisters inside the mouth. Triggers include hypersensitivity, infection, hormones, stress, and deficiency of some vitamins. Canker sores can show up on your tongue, cheek, even gums. They usually last a week or two.
The exact treatment of fungal infections of the mouth:

1. ParaProteX - conqueror of fungi. Chew before swallowing for about 1 minute. Morning and evening use before the meal at lunch time after a meal. 3 times a day 2 tablets.
2. AC-Zymes - the natural bacterial flora. Apply 3 times daily 2 tablets before a meal.
3. Sublingual Co Q10 – Coenzyme Q10 strengthens the gums. Use 2 times daily, between meals.

ATTENTION !!! CaliVita’s products are 100% natural origin.

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